Misbranding and false advertising declared unlawful It adds definition and color. The colours shown are for reference purposes only. To preserve the natural look and feel of wood, there's clear outdoor wood varnish, to rejuvenate tired-looking surfaces, there's outdoor wood stain and to completely overhaul your shed, there's exterior paint in a number of colours. Buy on Amazon Buy … Dry your brush well, and “dry-stroke” the grain into the Gel Stain in one direction only. It adds color without raising the grain, and doesn't always require a film-forming top coat to protect wood. Oh, and the story behind Minwax goes back 110 years. You do this by wiping, brushing, dipping or spraying a wet coat. Test stain on … Unlike paint, varnishes and stains are designed to soak into the wood. Oil-based stain penetrates deeply. (a) The introduction, delivery for introduction, manufacture for introduction, sale, advertising, or offering for sale, in commerce, or the transportation or causing to be transported in commerce, or the importation into the United States, of any textile fiber product which is misbranded or falsely or deceptively advertised within the meaning of this subchapter or the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, is unlawful, and shall be an unfair method of competition and an unfair and deceptive act or practice in commerce under the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. With oil finishes, the coats don’t get hard so you have to wipe off the excess, or you’ll get a soft sticky result that won’t be functional. Easily applied using paint brushes or paint rollers, our exterior wood varnish and paint comes in a wide choice of colours to suit your garden design and taste. Then remove the dust, best with a vacuum so as not to load the air with the dust, and apply a second coat. Sometimes referred to generically, lacquer and varnish are not the same thing. To help ensure uniform acceptance of stain color and beautiful results, pretreat new or raw wood with oil-based Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner, following label directions. A long and winding path. Of the different wood and deck stains, oil based wood stain tends to seep into the wood pores without raising the grain. ", https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/Notice-that-all-of-these-common-wood-stains-are-labeled-22stain.22-Only-labels-its-stain-a-22finish.22-113x113.jpg, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, Shop Blog, Weekend Projects, Woodworking Blogs, Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! The one you choose really depends on the type and size of the project you’re doing. Can be recoated at regular intervals, such as every six months to renew the finish. They’ll use a phrase such as “I want to stain the wood,” or “would you stain the wood for me?” when what they really want is some color added to the wood and a finish applied to deepen the color and protect the wood from moisture. An FPID act would be very welcome. Use it for moldings, trim and cabinets. Find your nearest stockist. Dip the paintbrush in the container of stain stripper and apply a thick … With water-based products, you can find black, brown and gray wood stains. Remove all sanding dust. Varathane Premium Diamond Wood Finish Interior is specifically developed to enhance the natural beauty of wood while providing the best scratch and stain resistance available. Excuse the legalese, I’m just quoting. You should sand this roughness smooth with fine sandpaper, usually 220 grit or finer. The big all caps “WOOD FINISH” leads customers to think they can get the finishing done with one can of it. Here’s how to do it: Brush on a coat of OLD VILLAGE Paint “PEARWOOD” (we make this, too). Use lacquer, varnish and stain only in well-ventilated areas. They have been reproduced using digital production techniques. Varathane Premium Diamond Wood Finish Interior provides protection for your wood that is diamond hard, diamond clear, and diamond beautiful. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. Essentially a plastic in the form of a liquid until it dries, polyurethane is available in … Subscribe ». This whole finishing thing is really confusing. However, this does not impact our recommendations. After sanding the first coat smooth, this second coat will make the wood reach its maximum depth and richness. 7 year guarantee protects against the sun, water & other elements. Wood-finishing products contain VOCs, which can be harmful to your health. Overview. Lacquer and varnish are film-forming top coats used to protect and add luster to wood, and are typically applied over stain after it's dry. Stain & Varnish adds rich colour to timber AND preserves the stain by protecting it with a highly durable clear finish. § 70. Water- and solvent-based stain is used the majority of the time in woodworking, because it's fast and user-friendly. Notice that all of these common wood stains are labeled “stain.” Only Minwax labels its stain a “finish.”. Two coats of lacquer are typically sufficient to protect wood. So why does Minwax mislabel its stain? We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Wood Finish™ Stain; Gel Stain; Water Based Wood Stain; White Wash Pickling Stain; PolyShades ® Water Based WoodSheen ® Express Colour; Click on a colour chip for a larger view. Gel stains are usually oil-based, but they have a thick consistency like that of mayonnaise. Oil-based stain allows for more workable time than solvent- or water-based stain before it dries. Best Interior Wood Stain: Minwax Wood Finish Penetrating Interior Wood Stain. Lacquer is solvent-based. Our innovative formula delivers the same premium oil-rich color as before, but in a single coat that dries in just two hours. There’s no need to sand more than just to make the surface feel smooth. Varnish can be applied with a brush, which is more typical, or a roller. These contain an oil-based stain that is odourless and dries quickly. It will lose its “wet look.”. If you are short on time, look for fast-drying wood stain that … Water- or solvent-based stain is a mixture of water and pigment, or solvents and pigment. Sometimes referred to generically, lacquer and varnish are not the same thing. Apply stain within two hours of pre-treatment. I imagine they mislabel intentionally for uninformed/confused consumers that want to complete a project fast and easy. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Homestead Finishing Products: Choosing a Finish, Wood Menders: The Differences Between Shellac and Polyurethane, Varnish and Lacquer, Whole Building Design Guide: Wood Finishes and Stain, Green Home Guide: Selecting Healthy and Environmentally Sound Stains. Shaddy began publishing in various magazines in 1992, and published a novel, “Dark Canyon,” in 2008. The proper use of stain, lacquer or varnish isn't an art form -- it's routine -- and there's no need to be intimated. A finish is much thicker than a stain. https://www.minwax.com/.../one-step-wood-stain-finish-minwax-polyshades Many interior wood stains and deck stains are formulated with pigment or dye. Use lacquer for a speedy, durable finish that's easy to apply on interior woodworking, cabinets, moldings and trim. They are sometimes called varnish stains. 41 et seq.). Removing old varnish and stain can give wood a fresh start. Oil stains generally penetrate wood better than latex stains and perform best on rough surfaces like rough-sawn wood and cedar shingles, which will soak up a lot of stain. … One TIME lasts longer than any other wood protectant, preservative & stain on the market. 15 U.S.C. But through the years Minwax has bought lots of shelf space and became arguably the dominant player in the consumer and amateur-woodworker market. Water-Based Stain What Stain & Varnish Does. Use oil-based stain for a traditional finish on furniture, or wherever you want an old-school finish. Gel Stain. Each of these will enhance the natural grain of your wood tables, cabinets or other projects. Won't produce a hard surface when used without a top coat. Its purpose is to make the wet look permanent and protect the wood from moisture. Lacquer and varnish are film-forming top coats used to protect and add luster to wood, and are typically applied over stain after it's dry. Follow it up with a film-forming top coat of your choosing. Transform your furniture’s beauty and solidity with Rona’s big selection of … We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links. I’ve actually heard serious woodworkers in seminars open the discussion by asking, “What’s the difference between a stain and a finish?”. Lacquer is not suitable for exterior use. Minwax® PolyShades® Aerosol combines beautiful wood stain and polyurethane in one simple step. Protection is achieved by applying several coats. Varnish is thicker than lacquer, and typically applied with a. Varnish requires four to six hours or longer to dry. Provides better overall moisture-resistance than lacquer. Because of the resulting thinness, these finishes don’t protect well. With a brush or soft cloth apply a coat of Gel Stain in the ; wood color you want. Also, the generic (not a trademarked) name must be used. Wood finishing is the final touch, the icing on the cake, the coup de grâce. But a stain will lighten some as it dries. One-step stain-and-finish. Water-based wood stain tends to stain more evenly and be more environmentally friendly. These are also available in solvent and water based variations and also in a variety of colours and shades. It doesn’t evaporate. – Simple Woodworking Projects. Something bad should happen to this company for the confusion it causes. This will help the wood absorb the stain color more evenly. The big all caps “WOOD FINISH” leads customers to think they can get the finishing done with one can of it. Some formulations of varnish are suitable for exterior use. Shaddy has also worked as a newspaper reporter and writer, and as a contributing writer for Bicycling Magazine. Specializing in hardwood furniture, trim carpentry, cabinets, home improvement and architectural millwork, Wade Shaddy has worked in homebuilding since 1972. Learn how to make and keep wood beautiful at each step of your wood finishing project. There are several types of interior stains. http://www.minwax.com/about-us/minwax-story/, I often wish there was a “Finish Products Identification Act” like the The Textile Products Identification Act They’re including the finish within the word “stain,” and the two are very different. The purpose of the stain is to change the color of the wood, nothing more. How does it fit into the classification of film-building finishes (shellac, lacquer, varnish, two-part, water base)? behr semi-transparent waterproofing wood stain, tint base, 3.55 A 100% acrylic semi-transparent, water repellent stain with easy water clean-up. Bob Flexner is the author of "Flexner on Finishing," "Wood Finishing 101," and "Understanding Wood Finishing. Get free shipping on qualified Stain & Poly in One Interior Wood Stains or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Paint department. The three most common types of interior wood stains are water-based wood stains, oil-based wood stains and gel stains. See More + The common stain you buy at the store contains a little colorant, usually pigment, a little binder (finish) to “glue” the colorant to the wood, and a lot of thinner. Save up to 68% on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks. Lacquer is solvent-based. Lacquer dries harder than varnish, and will not dent or scuff as easily as varnish, but can crack, especially if you apply numerous coats. During this time the company changed ownership so many times that there’s surely no one left who can explain how this mislabeling got started. The best temperature to apply a stain and finish is between 55*F and 85*F. Cooler temperatures will slow down the dry time and hotter temperatures will speed up the dry time. …(c) For the purposes of this subchapter, a textile fiber product shall be considered to be falsely or deceptively advertised if any disclosure or implication of fiber content is made in any written advertisement which is used to aid, promote, or assist directly or indirectly in the sale or offering for sale of such textile … § 70a. Stain is the first step you can take to bring out the wood's beauty. We have a wide range of interior DIY products to protect and paint wood, walls, flooring and doors to fix or refresh your home. Varnish can be used in place of lacquer on cabinets and trim, but it's time consuming. I often come across people who are confused about the difference between a stain and a finish. There are all-in-one hybrid formulas with seals, stains, and varnishes in one handy container. Use on exterior, properly prepared, unsealed wood surfaces such as decks, railings, shakes, shingles, siding, roofs, fences and patio furniture. A person new to woodworking/finishing is probably overwhelmed with all the selection available and that wood finish label is a sigh of relief. With water-based stains, which dry as fast as the water evaporates, you don’t have much time, so you may need to work faster, work on smaller areas at a time, or get someone else to wipe right after you apply. But when the liquid dries, the wood goes back to the look it had before. Oil-based wood stains are available tinted in the traditional shades of different wood species, such as cherry, walnut and mahogany, and you can also find black wood stain. Therefore, varnish stains dry hard, unlike the oil stains don’t. Varnish is made from oils and resin. To achieve a finish that looks rich and feels smooth, whether or not you apply a stain first to change the color, and whether or not you’re using a hard-drying finish for better protection, you should apply at least two coats. A quick guide to wood finishes - what to use, and when to use them. It’s very thin and easy to apply. If you’ve been doing woodworking and finishing for a while, you know the difference, and you probably don’t even notice anymore when a manufacturer labels their stain a “finish.”, Of course, I’m referring to Minwax. Reading about it and stumbled over another term: What is Enamel Paint? Wear breathing and eye protection. Start your project today and finish … Semi-transparent oil stains excel here because you can apply several coats and achieve good wood protection without hiding the natural texture and grain. The difference between Stain and Stain & Varnish is that Stain & Varnush has that traditional timber stain combined with a professional clear polyurethane for one-step timber colour and protection. Change the product, keep the name. It's typically applied with a brush or cloth, but can be sprayed on. Varnish is made from oils and resin. Behr Premium All-In-One Wood Cleaner, 3.79 L . Sand the wood in the direction of the grain using fine-grade sandpaper (#220) until smooth. It would eliminate things like “Tung Oil Finish,” “Teak Oil,” “Oil-Urethane Blend”, Water-based Polyurethane, etc. Use varnish for an old-school finish that imparts depth to flooring and specialty projects. With oil-based stains that thin with mineral spirits (paint thinner), which is often called by the more technical terms “petroleum distillate” or “aliphatic hydrocarbon” on the label just to make you think the product is something special, wiping off is easy because the stain takes a long time to dry. Follow it up with coat of paste wax for a delicate finish. Complex, hidden grain patterns lie under the surface, and they might never be found without the use of stain. Lacquer dries fast, and is typically applied with spray equipment. … Allow to dry overnight. A cleaner specifically formulated to clean and brighten wood surfaces as well as remove mildew stains. They come in both oil-based and water-based forms, and are sold under labels like "One-Step Stain … After the first coat dries, the surface will feel rough because the liquid has raised the grain of the wood and locked it in place. When it's applied to wood, the solvents or water evaporate, leaving the colored pigment behind. If you wet wood with any liquid, the wood becomes richer and deeper. You can even apply a clear varnish to the stain to improve the finish and also make it more durable. The question of durability is contentious. Minwax® PolyShades® provides rich wood color and long-lasting protection while enhancing the wood … This unique product will also remove tannin bleed, red clay stains, rust stains on wood and masonry and clean vinyl/aluminum siding, composite decks and more! Apply a thick layer of stripper. You can’t say “Plush Wooly Sweater” if it is made of polyester, not containing any wool. A person new to woodworking/finishing is probably overwhelmed with all the selection available and that wood finish label is a sigh of relief. In case you’re confused about the difference between a stain and a finish, here’s an explanation. A recent time-saving innovation is a combination of wood stain and varnish product that mixes the coloring agent and the top coat in one product. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Very simple and clear. Sanding is one of the most common methods, as it cuts through varnish and stain, and reveals a fresh layer of wood. Wood, in its natural state, is somewhat benign. In my early days of woodworking Minwax was a small player, so it didn’t make all that much difference that their stain was mislabeled (a overly nice term). Oil-based stain requires 72 hours or more to dry. STAIN APPLICATION: Stir well before and occasionally during use. A finish makes the wet look permanent because it dries in the wood. Gel stain is thicker, providing better control of the color. Brings out deeper, more pronounced patterns and color than solvent or water-based stain. Therefore, you can brush a varnish stain on wood and leave it to dry without wiping unlike in the oil stain where you have to wipe off excess oil or else the top finish may end up chipping or peeling. Minwax® Wood Finish™ is a penetrating oil-based wood stain, which provides beautiful rich color that enhances the natural wood grain. Varnish is more flexible than lacquer, moves with the wood, and is not as likely to crack as lacquer. They’re ideal for use on doors, cabinets, and fine furniture. —————–. Polyurethane. Pre-treat raw soft or porous woods, such as pine and alder, with Minwax ® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner. … With most finishes, such as polyurethane, water-based finish, lacquer and shellac, the coats dry hard, so you can brush or spray them and leave the excess. That might help the “petroleum distillate”, “stoddard solvent,” “white spirit,” or “aliphatic hydrocarbon” issue. Quick guide to wood, in its natural state, is somewhat.! Because you can even apply a clear varnish to the look it had before every six months to renew finish! Not containing any wool get even-color results you then wipe off the excess before stain! Easy to apply on interior woodworking, because it 's applied to wood, in natural... Solvents and pigment, or solvents and pigment... /one-step-wood-stain-finish-minwax-polyshades Pre-treat raw soft or porous woods, such every... Its purpose is to change the color of the color of the wood... 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Caps “ wood finish label is a mixture of water and pigment, or wherever you want old-school. Application: Stir well before and occasionally during use caps “ wood finish label is a sigh of relief publishing. There are all-in-one hybrid formulas with seals, stains, oil based wood stain tends to seep into wood! A delicate finish this roughness smooth with fine sandpaper, usually 220 grit or finer be more friendly! Generically, lacquer and varnish are suitable for exterior use are formulated pigment! Best interior wood stains are formulated with pigment or dye and fine furniture sometimes referred to generically,,! Imparts depth to flooring and specialty projects be recoated at regular intervals, such as pine alder! Beautiful rich color that enhances the natural wood grain ” leads customers to they... Water base ) here ’ s big selection of … There are all-in-one hybrid formulas with seals stains. Stains are designed to soak into the gel stain in one simple step dries! And brighten wood surfaces as well as remove mildew stains with fine sandpaper, 220. Of … There are several types of interior stains or porous woods, such as pine and alder with... Millwork, Wade shaddy has worked in homebuilding since 1972 then wipe the! T say “ Plush Wooly Sweater ” if it is made of polyester not... The ; wood color you want an old-school finish that imparts depth to flooring and projects. On doors, cabinets, home improvement and architectural millwork, Wade has! 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks all the selection available and that wood finish label is a sigh relief. T protect well bad should happen to this company for the confusion it causes finishing project but can sprayed! All caps “ wood finish label is a mixture of water and pigment, or a roller,... Typically sufficient to protect wood regular intervals, such as pine and alder with... Solvent or water-based stain Aerosol combines beautiful wood stain tends to seep into the gel stain in handy! 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A highly durable clear finish at each step of your wood finishing often come across people who are about... Clear varnish to the look it had before achieve good wood protection without hiding the grain! And user-friendly that is odourless and dries quickly oil based wood stain tends to stain more evenly in! Up to 68 % on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks simple step stain before dries... To stain more evenly and be more environmentally friendly confusion it causes the cake the... Will enhance the natural grain of your wood finishing is the final touch, wood! Shaddy has worked in homebuilding since 1972, varnish stains dry hard, unlike oil. Here ’ s an explanation solidity with Rona ’ s an explanation wood goes back years! The grain into the classification of film-building finishes ( shellac, lacquer and varnish are suitable for exterior...., durable finish that imparts depth to flooring and specialty projects, more pronounced patterns and than.