the Japanese ginger and Martinique ginger, the former being obtained from Zingiber mioga Roscoe and the other from Z. zerumbet Rose ex Sm. apart in summer i.e. What are the characters Mendel selected for his experiments on pea plant? – ginger P Species Zingiber officinale Roscoe – garden ginger P Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Luyang Dilaw, (scientific name: Curcuma longa Linn) belongs to the Ginger family of Zingiberaceae.The rootstocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. Family Zingiberaceae – Ginger family Genus Zingiber Mill. Alpinia purpurata, red ginger, also called ostrich plume and pink cone ginger, are native Malaysian plants with showy flowers on long brightly colored red bracts. Ginger has many medicinal uses. Indian ginger, African ginger, Chinese ginger and Jamaican ginger. nearly spherical, frequently with a characteristic beak, slightly lamellated; fibres long, with rounded, pointed or oblique ends, thin walled with oblique pits. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Ether soluble extraction of not less than 4.5%, or cold water extractive of not less than 12% has been fixed as the standard for the drug. The most Ginger families were found in the UK in 1891. It is used as a condiment in curries. From: Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes (Second Edition), 2019 Ginger is indigenous to Indo-Malayan region and has been in cultivation in India since prehistoric times. Key Uses: Food and These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Starch grains are numerous, 5 – 40 µ in diam. Costus barbatus is a perennial plantwith a red inflorescence. Carl Linnaeus, a famous botanist, and zoologist developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature. The rhizomes are then dug up and washed. Explain its significance. Ginger rhizome is often mixed with rhizome of Z.casumunar Roxb. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. 6. The rhizomes are then peeled and washed in clean water often containing lime-juice. Many species are economically valuable for their spices and perfume. This is how the Jamaica ginger is made. There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. Botanical Name of Ginger 2. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. It has dark green and fuzzy underneath, ginger-like, elliptic leaves that spiral up the slender cane-like stems to a height of 7.9 feet (2.4 m). These aromatic herbs grow in moist areas of the tropics and subtropics, including some regions that are seasonably dry. Below the epidermis the cortex is composed of parenchyma cells several layers thick with intercellular spaces. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Share Your Word File Distribution 5. The commonly green sepals differ in texture and colour from the petals. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? The chief ginger growing countries of the world are India, China, Australia, East Indies, West Indies, Mexico, Jamaica, North Africa and West Africa. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) It's classified as a member of the Zingiberaceae family, making it a close relative of turmeric. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. The skin gathered from such peeled rhizomes often distilled and oil is obtained. Family Name: Ginkgoaceae Introduction Those looking to avoid diminished mental capacity and those that find they are loosing mental capacity need to know about Gingko, or more specifically Gingko biloba extract(GBE long term). Privacy Policy3. What are antibiotics? The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the … from March to May. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. The floral parts grow below ground except for a circle of bright red, petal-like structures that emerge from the ground, yet the leafy shoots rise to 5 metres (16.4 feet). Buds developing in the axil of these scales come up as aerial scoots with normal leaves. Common name: Knotweed family Buckwheat, rhubarb Scientific name: Solanaceae Common name: Nightshade family Eggplant, pepper, potato, tomato, tomatillo, tobacco STAY INFORMED. Small bits of rhizome, each containing a bud are planted in holes or trenches 10 – 15 cm. They look like the bloom, but the true flower is the small white flower on top. Why mitochondria is called as the power house of the cell? In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. In 1891 there were 110 Ginger families living in Buckinghamshire. The long, red inflorescences are complimented with edible, bright yellow, tubular flowers. Several species of shellflower (Alpinia) are cultivated as ornamentals. Plant Name Scientific Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora Common Names: Blue Ginger, Blue-ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. The plant's Family is Zingiberaceae. The plants emit aerial shoots that dry up after flowering and fruiting in about 8-10 months-time. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Zingiberaceae. Family of Ginger 3. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Commercial Varieties 8. Fruit an oblong capsule, many seeded; seeds arillate, globose, with a small embryo and copious endosperm. Calyx tubular shortly 3-lobed; corolla bilabiate, tubular below, yellow with purplish spots stamens 3 in one whorl, one of which is perfect the other 2 united to form a labellum; filament of perfect stamen short, anther cells contiguous, connective produced into a beak, ovary of 3 carpels, syncarpous, 3-celled, inferior; ovules many on axile placentas; style filiform, lying in a groove of the anther; stigma subglobose. Answer Now and help others. It is now cultivated over a greater part of the tropical and temperate regions. Garlic or Ginger / Luya (Zingiber officinale L.) has been used as a spice, food, and medicine for hundred of years, and is one of the earliest documented herbs utilized for the maintenance of health and treatment of disease. Where does the "ginger" belong? Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. Zingiber officinale, known as the true ginger used as a spice, is one of the oldest known and most widely consumed spices. It has cultivars called Jungle King and Jungle Queen. Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Roscoe Common Name: ginger Conservation Status: Least Concern according to IUCN Red List criteria. They may grow to 6 metres (20 feet) in height. Ginger Plant in Spanish can be different from Ginger Plant in English. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. Omissions? The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Vegetables Fruits Scientific By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Cultivated, but it can appear to be growing wild. In scientific classification of Ginger Plant, Family is a main factor. Tender Perennial Family Name: Zingerberaceae Introduction Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. Twenty-seven participants performed 24 eccentric actions of the non-dominant elbow flexo … Genus name comes from the Greek name which, in turn, is said to derive from an East Indian word cognate with Pali sigivera . The cleaned materials are then dried in sun for 5-6 days, taking care that they do not get damped or mouldy during the drying period. jackie December 7, 2009 at 10:41 pm hi! Powdered Ginger 11. Family of Ginger: ZINGIBERACEAE. A few species are epiphytic—i.e., supported by other plants and having aerial roots exposed to the humid atmosphere. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which comes from the Sanskrit name of the spice, singabera. For medicinal use the dose recommended is 0.6 – 1.3 grm. It is used to flavour food stuff, beer and other drinks. Standard 10. Uses 12. is the botanical name or formal name. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have Read fascinating facts and browse beautiful, detailed photos of the torch ginger (Etlingera elatior): one of thousands of plant species growing at the Eden Project in Cornwall. Scientific Name CUDO2 Curcuma domestica Valeton Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Nectar is present in the slender flower tubes. Calicut variety and Calcutta variety from the ports wherefrom the material is exported. The rolled-up sheathing bases of the leaves sometimes form an apparent short aerial stem. Leaves of ginger are simple, alternate, linear-lanceolate, sheathing at the base, sessile, acuminate at apex, glabrosus, up to 15 cm.long. Fibrous roots are emitted from these nodes. Bracts (leaflike structures) are spirally arranged, and the flower clusters are spiral and conelike. Description of Ginger: Ginger are aromatic herb with an underground rhizome and an erect stem, up to 75 cm. In this article we will discuss about Ginger:- 1. However, information to support ginger’s use for nausea, especially in pregnancy, is limited or lacking. Share Your PPT File. The anti-inflammatory properties of ginger have been known and valued for centuries. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. It has circular scars representing the nodes with small scales. The dried thick rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa) is commonly ground for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, has analgesic and antiinflammatory properties. It is then treated with boiling water and then dried in sun. Major genera include Alpinia (200 species), Etlingera (110 species), Curcuma (100 species), Globba (100 species), Zingiber (100), Renealmia (75), Riedelia (75), Amomum (65), Aframomum (60), Boesenbergia (60), Hedychium (50), Hornstedia (50), and Meisteria (42). Powdered ginger is adulterated with various things, e.g. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Some-times the dug-up rhizomes are washed in clear water and peeled or scrapped and then coated with carbonate or sulphate of lime. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Zingiber Officinale Zingiber officinale extracted with ethyl acetate solvent showed the most potent inhibitory activity against the alpha-glucosidase enzymes compared with hexane solvent and water. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. They are then bleached by washing and again dried for 2 days. Two other varieties are known e.g. rice-powder, wheat-flour, powder of flax seed and ginger waste. This in height,. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Adulterants. Ginger Plant in Spanish Every plant has different names in different languages. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ginger may possess anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and has been effective in dysmenorrhea in limited studies. These are known from the place of origin, e.g. Ginger lily (Hedychium) produces beautiful flowers that are used in garlands and other decorations. Plant Name Scientific Name: Alpinia purpurata Common Name: Red Ginger Plant Characteristics Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. The acute effects of ginger on muscle pain, inflammation and dysfunction induced by eccentric exercise were examined. Members of the family are perennials that frequently have sympodial (forked) fleshy rhizomes (underground stems). Ginger is stimulant, carminative and diaphoretic. Biology, Botany, Pharmacognosy, Medicinal Plant, Ginger. Updates? The powder is yellowish orange or yellowish brown. During the past 25 years, many laboratories have provided scientific support for the long-held belief that ginger contains constituents with antiinflammatory properties. The Martinique ginger (Z.zerumbet) and the Japanese ginger (Z.mioga) are also used as adulterants. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge One genus, Etlingera, exhibits an unusual growth pattern. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Average Dose 13. In the case of Indian and African varieties the rhizome is peeled on the flat sides only. Inflorescence a spike on a distinct scape; flowers densely arranged, bisexual, irregular, each subtended by a persistent scarious bract. Ginger is obtained from the fresh or dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale, and a number of ornamental gingers are grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. This aromatic herb goes by many names but first and foremost it goes by its scientific species nameZingiber officinale. The ginger rhizome is much branched, somewhat resembling the palm of a hand with fingers. The main constituent is starch and fibre. Content Guidelines 2. This grows also in India and is locally called Karpoor haridra or Karpoor Kachuri. Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, manufactured the name Zingiber officinale. Parts Used 6. Cultivation and Preparation of Ginger: The plant is propagated from rhizome-cuttings. in height,. Cultivation and Preparation 7. This scientific name SIGN UP! Microscopical Character 9. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? This protects the rhizomes from insect attack. It’s been used to aid digestion, reduce nausea, and help fight the flu and common cold, to name … The oleoresin that gives pungent taste to the ginger is a viscous liquid and contains the active principle — the gingerol. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The Zingiberaceae flower resembles an orchid because of its labellum (two or three fused stamens) joined with a pair of petal-like sterile stamens. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. Ginger / Luya Herbal Medicine 10 + Amazing Health Benefits of Ginger or Luya that You must Know. Indian ginger is again known as Cochin variety. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Dita Bark: Description, Distribution and Uses, Wormseed: Description, Distribution and Uses, Rubber Cultivation in India: Para, Ceara, India and Russian Rubber Plant. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. deep and about 30 cm. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Oleoresin or oil drops are found scattered within the parenchymatous cells. What according to Odum are a habitat and a niche? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Habitat: Humid, partly-shaded habitats in the tropics and subtropics. It is used in cold and cough and as a febrifuge. The Ginger family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. During the growing season abundant rainfall is necessary but at no time water-logging should be permitted. The scientific name of Ginger Plant is the botanical name or formal name. The brightly coloured flowers may bloom for only a few hours and are thought to be pollinated by insects. Description 4. Share Your PDF File Other spices in the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) include cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). The original discovery of ginger's inhibitory … i just stumbled upon your site… it’s very informative. The seeds of Elettaria cardamomum are the source of cardamom. TOS4. 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